( . , , , , ; , , ; , , ; ; , ), , , , () . . , ., . , . , ., , . .-. , . .-. 'olam (. , , ) . , , , ; . Welt . world , (, wer, , , alt, altar, , ); , . *vek (. ); . *mir (. ) , , (- -.), () .

( ) , . : . , , . . ( , : , , , , . .) , . . ( ), , ( , ) , . . , , . (., ).

. , . . , . . . , , . ., , , , , . ( , .).

. , : , [. (. uru loka, , , amhas, , )]; , , ; ., , , .; (. ); . , (. . , , .); , . ; ., , , [ , ... (Porphyr. Vit. Pyth. 30); . , , , (frg. 8, 124 .); . , (Tim. 29, 37)].

. (), () ( , ). , . . 2, 4, 8, 16 . . . . . (. : , , , , ; : , . .).

. , . . (. ), . ., , . . , ., , . . ( ). : . , ; (), . . , , , . , , , , : () , , : , , . , . () , (Plat. Tim. 39e). , . ( , . ), , ., , ., . ., . , .

. . (, ) . , , . , . . ( , , , . , . , . .) ., . . , .

.: . ., , ., 1927; , , . 2 . . , ., 1969; . , , ., 1977; Gong er G. P., Theories of macrocosms and microcosms in the history of philosophy, N. Y., [1967]; Burnet J., Early Greek philosophy, 4 ed., L., 1930; Sitter W. de, Kosmos, Camb. (Mass.), 1932; Olerud ., L'ide de macrocosmos et de microcosmos dans le time de Platon, Uppsala, 1951; Milne . ., Modern cosmology and the christian idea of god, Oxf., 1952; Kirk G. S. (ed.), Heraclitus. The cosmic fragments, Camb., 1954; Kirk G. S., Raven J. E., The presocratic philosophers, Camb., 1960; Munit . . (ed.), Theories of the Universe. From Babilonian myth to modern science, Glencoe, [1957]; Schadewaldt W., Das Welt-Modell der Griechen, Neue Rundschau, 1957, 68; Kranz W., Kosmos, Bonn, 1958; Bondi H., Cosmology, 2 ed., Camb., 1960; Kerschensteiner J., Kosmos, Mnch., 1962; Guthrie W. K. C, A history of Greek philosophy, v. 1, Camb., 1962; , Man as microcosm, Proceedings of the European Cultural Foundation, s'Gravenhagen, 1967. . . . .

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