: . (74)

.

1367 . " " , "". "Ciceronianus" , : "Ciceronianus es, Christianas"1.

", - , - , , , , , "2.

( , ) : " , : ", - , - , , ""3. - 4. XI . , , : " , , - , - , - ! "5. . IV " ", , , 6. , , , - , , "

348

, "; , ( , modus irrealis ) 7. " " - : ", , - "8. " ", - 9, , , 10, 11 .

? , , , ?

, , , - , , . - "", doctores, "", . . 12. " ? " , , " ", 13 " ". , , - , ; , - . , , IV , - . , , , , , - ("timus omnium patronus", " " - ). , " ", , -

349

, - ???? .

. " , - 14, - , , ". , " ", :

" , , ... , "15.

, - "", ; , , , . , !

, , , , , , , , , , . " "16; . , - , , ""; "", , (pectus)17. " , - ", - 18, " " (maiores) - . - ,

350

- . , , - " " , , , . ( ) - - , . . , . .

- - . , 1345., . . 22 " ", , , , , " ", " "19. , , , . , , , : . . " " : " , !" (" vitaephilosophiadux!")20- : " , (civiliter)"21. " " , , , , , , . " , , ?"22 , , , " " .

, , ; (inconstantia, ) -

351

. , III " ":

" . , , , , ? , . , . , , , . , - - , , , , , , , "23.

, , .

, , "", ; , , 24. .

, , ?

- , , ; . , "" , - ,

352

, , , 25.

- , . , , , , . , .

, , , , "", "", "" "", , .

, "", ???????, "",(, ) ????. ??????? - , , , , : - , , , . , : - , 26. . , , . . . , , , "" : , , 27. , , , "" : , - , " " II-IV . . , - , "" "", , . , , , .

353

: "" "" | . . "" "" XII XIII ., "" , - , , , , , .

, - , . , " ", ???????. , "" ("" ? - , - ), , , 28. , " , " ??????????? ????? (" ") - ???????. , 29; "" ( - ).

, , .

- ( -): "", ?????, "mechanici", , , . " , - , - (mechanici) (calamosarripiunt)"?30 , , . Vestra res agitur!

, , - mechanicus, !- 31.

354

, , - , , ( 32). , , , : "... , , , ..."33, "... ..."34; "... , , , ..."36; "..., , ..."36 , , , , 37, - 38; , , , . - ; , . , " , , : " "39. : , , , " - (celeste)"40.

divinus "". . , , - " " (divinus homo in dicendo)41, " ", , , 42; " " (cycnea divini hominis vox et oratio)43. "" 44; "" " "46; " "46. "" "" (, , 47) -

355

"" 48 "" 49; "" , . . "", 1545 ., : " , "" (divino = di vino = ""), "" (d'acqua)"50.

a - , , e . " " 42 "" 13 " " - ! , , , , , :

Ille ego sum, per quern pictura extincta revixit...

(" , "51)

ille, , : -, , , "":

Ille ego, qui quondam gracili modulatus avena

Carmen, et egressus silvis vicina coegi

Ut quamvis avido parerent arva colono,

Gratum opus agricolis...52;

-, :

Ille egoqul fuerim, tenerorum lusor amorum...53

, " ". Ille ego .

: , , . (

356

: " "!54) " ego" ; "" . "" "" , "" "" . , , .

, , . , " , "56

, , , "", "" . - , , . ", , , ", " "56.

, . , (1557 .): " , , : , (Invenzione, Disegno e Colorito)"67. , Inventio, Dispositio et Elocutio.

, , , , - , : .

- , , , " ",

357

", " (onoratamente da gentiluomo) (lettere) 58.

: , , , "" , da gentiluomo, ""; - - ( "")?

, , .

, II . .., , , , , , (eloguentia), (artium multitudine). , , ; , , , . - studia varia 59. homo universale. .

, , , . , , , , , , , "" "" . " " , c , - , , 60. , "", .

, - , , :

358

61. : - 62 63.

- 64, .

, . : 1) ????? ????????, . . , 2) , , , .

, , "" , , ; - .

, , ( - ) uomo uniyersale, , , , - , , - . , , : , . : . - homo universale; - , : "- ", .

- . 66, ! " , - , - , , , - . : , - , - , - , -

359

, - , "66. - ; - "", "", , , , .

uomo universale, , " ", dignitas et excellentia hominis. , , .

, - , "" ""; - .

, 1195 . , III, " " - , , . - . : , . " " , - (1452 .) (1487 .).

, , , . , , , "" "", "" - "". " ", - " ": , , . "" ""; , , 180 . " ! - .- ! ! !

360

! ! ! ! ?"67 " ", " " - . " " - . .

"" "". , .

1 Hieron. ep. XXII, 30.

2 Petrarca 1906, . 79.

3 Daniel 1862, . 266:

Ad Maronis mausoleum

Ductus, fudlt super eum

Piae rorem lacrimae;

Quern te, inquit, reddidissem,

Si te vivum invenissem,

Poetarum maxime!

4 - . X. ( 1977, . 72): " "" . . """. "" - : , , , - , . - - , . , . X. : .

5 Lagardeed. 1881.

6 Hieron. ep. LIV, 7.

7 August, ep. CLXIV, 4.

8 Lact. Inst. div., IV, 24.

9 Tert. De anima, 20.

10 Bar/owed. 1938.

11 Hieron. Deviris illustr., 12.

12 1930, . 804: " . - ".

13 , , , , , , - , (Cato junior, 7, 3).

14 "Quant au Ciceron, je suis du jugement commun que, hors la science, il n'y avait pas beacoup d'excellence en son ame: il etait bon citoyen, d'une nature debonnaire, comme sont volontiers les hommes gras et gausseurs, tel gu'il etait; mais de molesse et de vanite ambi-tieuse, il en avait, sans mentir, beaucoup" (Essais, 11, 10).

15 Lact. Inst. div., VI, 18.

16 Lact. Inst. div., Ill, 25.

17 August. Confessiones, III, 4.

18 Petrarca. Op. cit., p. 98.

19 . . . ( 1922, . 1, . 37).

20 Tusc., V, 2, 5.

21 Cicero . Lact. Inst. theol., Ill, 14.

22 Lact. Inst. theol., Ill, 14.

23 Cic., De orat., Ill, 21, 79-80, . . . (.: 1972, . 220-221).

24 , ; .

25 " " (. , ., . 146-157).

26 . : 1979, . 41-81, . 62-65.

27 "" , (Rhet. I, I, 1354a). .: Kustas 1973, . 6-12, 19-26, 86-95, 174-179 . .

28 Plut. Pericl., 2, I, p. 153a.

29 Luc. Somnium, 8, 11.

30 Petrarca. Op. cit., p. 112.

31 , . , ; , , , .

32 . 1973, . 167 . 33 . 255.

33 Hist. Nat., XXXV, 36, 1.

34 Hist. Nat., XXXV, 36, 2. 86 Hist. Nat, XXXV, 36, 3.

36 Hist. Nat., XXXV, 36, 5.

37 Hist. Nat., XXXV, 36, 10. 88 Hist. Nat., XXXVI, 4, 4.

39 Vasari 1896, p. 489.

40 Ibid., p. 942.

41 Deorat., I, 10,40.

42 Deorat, I, 23, 106.

43 De orat, III, 2, 6.

44 Inst. orat, II, 16, 17. 46 Inst orat., IV, 1, 70.

46 Inst. orat, X, 1,83.

47 De arte poetica, 400 etc.

48 " " (Denat. deor. ?, 12, 32); - .

49 divus, divinus princeps, , , XXXV, 3. ; "" .

50 .: Burckhardt 1908.S. 180.

51 A. Politiani epigrammata latina, LXXXVI (Marullo, Poliziano, Sannazzaro 1976, p. 82).

52 Thilo 1878, p. 2.

53 Trist, IV, 10, 1.

54 "Leviorum artium studium".

55 .: Tatarkiewicz 1962.

56 Elegantiae Linguae Latinae, praef.

57 Dolci 1557, p. 164.

58 Vasari. Op. cit., p. 343.

58 Florida, 9, 32 Oudenorp.

60 Dionis or. XII.

61 Enneades, V, 8, 40.

62 Orator, 2, 8.

63 Dionis or, XII, 70-71.

64 . 1981, . 224-289; 7070, . 146-149.

65 Deorat, I, 166-203.

66 Florida, 20.

67 . . . .


:
     
















sitemap:
. , , .